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Yves Bertrand

"Voyage sous les jupes de la République": la France et l'espionnage

By Joffre Agnes

Yves Bertrand was the French spy chief for 12 years. His private and embarrassing notebooks from this period were seized by judges recently as part of an investigation. Extracts were published in Le Point, a French magazine last week.

A loyal supporter of Chirac’s clan, fired by Sarkozy in 2004, Yves Bertrand could be sued for invasion of privacy, malicious accusation, forgery and use of forgery and concealment. However he continues to claim he was only doing his job.


The 23 notebooks contain mostly false rumours as it is claimed by Yves Bertrand but they deal with numerous French celebrities and political personalities. They include Nicolas Sarkozy, former prime minister Lionel Jospin, centre leader Francois Bayrou, MP Arnaud Montebourg, former minister of justice Elizabeth Guiguou, kick boxing champion Khalid El-Quandily, Christine Vo, the woman who had accused Johnny Hallyday of rape… Quite a long list. A lot of people and a lot of rumours which are not entirely politically centered: private lives, personal affairs, sexual predilections… "A voyage under the skirts of the Republic" as said Le Point, far removed from James Bond's missions to save the world.

Nicolas Sarkozy
Nicolas Sarkozy


So, these notebooks are the cause of much embarrassment in France and especially in the elite which is directly concerned. For instance Bertrand has written that Nicolas Sarkozy had an affair four years ago with a woman who is the wife of one of his current minister. Rather awkward...

A former minister is qualified as “hooked on sex and cocaine”, another one as "gay" and another one as a "pedophile"? A lot of personalities are suddenly realizing that they have been watched for quite some time now.

On an other note, the way with which the French media has delt with all this gossip should be appreciated. Most of the time, names are kept secret and big scandals aren’t aired. Think about what our invassive UK press would be doing in the same situation. Contrary to traditional stereotypes, the French appear to be much more coy... Moreover these notebooks are not only subjet to gossips but to deep concerns too. In fact they point out a burning issue: To what extent are French people watched in their daily lives? Does the French Republic really need to know what’s going on in the bedroom to ensure its safety?

In fact it seems that it remains more of a Nixonian bad habit than an issue of national security. This case appears to confirm RG’s reputation (“Renseignements Généraux”, secret intelligence) for being a tool for the President to get rid of his opponents.

Jacques Chirac and Dominique de Villepin
Jacques Chirac and Dominique de Villepin

Yves Bertrand was actually Chirac’s right-hand man. Critics have always claimed that he was running a “dark cabinet” to eliminate rivals at all costs. For instance Lionel Jospin’s past as a Trotskyist had been revealed by Yves Bertrand to weaken him. Nicolas Sarkozy and all his entourage had been spied on, looking for something to torpedo his career since Chirac and his clan hate him. When Johnny Halliday had been accused of rape by Vo, her lawyer had been taken under surveillance since, as Bernadette Chirac reminds us: “ French people don’t like it when Jonnhy is attacked.” Maybe it is just unproved rumours but they could certainly have been used for blackmailing some people or to weaken some careers. The Republic may have a darker side than previously imagined under its surface of "insoussiance and joie de vivre".


And what about your average person? Can they be spied on too? It’s obvious that France has a  strong surveillance culture: French people were spied on not only during the Nazi Occupation but anytime. Nowadays this is made possible by the 1991 law which allows the French spy agency to put under surveillance any person who “plays a significant political, economic, social or religious role.” So the RG alone is supposed to hold files on at least 2.5 million people. Moreover, recently Nicolas Sarkozy’s government wanted to extend the number of people and the subjetcs which can be spied on (health and sexual preferences). However there was a major outcry: French people have their limits and are becoming increasingly aware that spying could be turning more professional. Is this possible? Who could imagine that the RG was looking through bedroom keyholes instead of taking care of France and preventing terrorism?


03/07/2012 - x.lostouy a dit :

Lapsus ! lapsus ! C'est vite dit. Si c'est le cas, on est dans "un desir qui se dit sans intention et tout betement hors de propos" (Gagne pain, Du vouloir dire II). Quel desir en l'occurrence ? Le probleme c'est que dans ce moment du debat, c'est SR qui insiste pour que NS lui reponde sur le sujet. Elle compte bien le prendre en faute. Et elle y parvient (les 50 % de NS ne correspondent a rien du tout). Mais elle se trompe aussi, beaucoup plus meme, et pourtant insiste ("Tout cela se verra. Mais si, c'est cela."). Alors quel desir ? C'est sur que si la part d'electricite d'origine nucleaire etait de 17%, ce serait plus facile de sortir du nucleaire. Mais pas de chance, c'est pres de 80%. Et la, la sortie du nucleaire demande une revision de fond en comble de la politique energetique. Le "lapsus" en question n'est donc pas un detail. Le desir d'avoir raison ruine la demonstration. Ce serait interessant de lire tout le debat comme un discours d'ailleurs. On y a le droit a tout de la part des deux debattants : mensonges, erreurs, "lapsus", omissions Ils ont passe une bonne partie du temps a s'envoyer a la figure des chiffres a peu pres tous faux (les 35h ont cree selon la DARES 350 000 emplois et non pas zero comme l'affirme Sarkozy, etc.).


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